What are Parts of Speech? What are their Individual Functions?

There are eight parts of speech in the English and these are Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Interjection, Conjunction and Preposition and most importantly, each of them has a distinct function. Knowing parts of speech is essential as it makes us familiar with the function of each word as well as their grammatical significance in the sentences. However, a same word can be used as different parts of speech based on the situation.

Noun: A noun always refers to the name of the place, person, thing, etc. However, proper noun starts with the capital letter and others are not, and a noun can be singular or plural.

However, there are seven types of noun –
Proper (Game of Thrones), Concrete (Sand), Common (Car), Abstract (Bravery), Collective (Class- group of students), Mass (Rice), Count (Ball).
Example:  It is Riya’s birthday. (Here, ‘birthday’ is a noun)

Pronoun: Pronoun is the replacement of a noun.
Example: Jaya is very stylish and she maintains herself properly.
(Here, she is a pronoun and it is used in the place of a noun.)

Adjective: It usually delineates the noun or the pronoun. However, this part of speech provides the details of the subject (noun/ pronoun). It exhibits the size, quality or number of the noun or pronoun in a sentence.
Example: I have two black jeans.
The interior of the room is exclusive.

Verb: This is the imperative part of speech as without a verb the sentence is incomplete. It refers to the state of being or action of the subject in a sentence.

Example: The students prepare for their exams.
They are always ready for the emergencies.

Adverb: This part of speech describes verbs, adjectives as well as another adverb.
Adverb of Manner, Adverb of Place, Adverb of Time and Adverb of Degree are four types of adverbs in English.

Example: Rai dances gracefully.
Roma is a very talented girl.

Interjection: It always refers to such words that are related to expression. However, this part of speech is followed by the exclamation point.

Example: Hurray! We have won the football match.

Conjunction: It joins the words, phrases and even the clauses in a sentence.

Example: This special tea is hot and refreshing.
Lata always wants to be an actor, and she is trying for it for a long time.

Preposition: It refers to a location or a location in time.

Example: The cat is hiding under the table.
Snigdha is practicing old test papers throughout the year.