What is the Difference between Literally and Figuratively?

Literally and figuratively are two different aspects, but when conveying something to the readers both should be used aptly. Literally signifies exactly, in a broader sense, without any exaggeration, it states about the thing, accurately what happens. On the other hand, figuratively refers to metaphorical sense. It means the thing is delineated metaphorically, not in a practical way. An example can make it clear. If we say, ‘I am literally foaming at the mouth’, then it means the foam is coming out from the mouth, but if we say, ‘I am figuratively foaming at the mouth’, then it signifies that I am very angry as foaming at the mouth is an idiom.

However, ‘literally’ is an adjective and it means actual.  It is used in an exact sense.

Example: I made a literal translation of this book.

Here, it reflects the fact that someone has truly translated the book.
Besides, ‘literally’ word is used to intensify things. When it is said that I am literally on fire that does not mean that someone is seriously on fire. Or else, sometimes, we say that ‘he was laughing so hard that he literally almost died.’ Here, literally is used to stress the thing. Moreover, in the formal writing, this kind of statement is not accepted.
On the other hand, figuratively is an adjective and it comprises different meaning from the word literally. It signifies making use of figure of speech. In short, where literally is just free from any metaphor, figurative is all about the dealing with different types of figures of speech.

Example: I could figuratively eat a factory of ice cream.

Figuratively reflects the analogous sense, which is not exact. However, to make your writing well-appreciated, you must use these two separately. Make sure, use literally in an exact manner, not just as an intensifier and add figuratively to convey a thing which is not exact.

Example: Sand feels rough (Literally)

Sand is solid water. (Figuratively)

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What are Analogies and How are They Used?

Analogy is a kind of comparison, where a thing or idea is compared with another one and that two things are quite different in nature. The objective of using Analogy is to describe the things by comparing with other things which are more familiar. However, Analogy is extensive as metaphors and similes are used as the parts of it. Some examples can make it more clear.

Examples:
A sword is the weapon of a warrior, like a pen is the weapon of an author.
She is as annoying as nails on the chalkboard.
A doctor diagnoses the diseases, like the detective investigates criminal cases.

However, Analogy is noticeably used in English literature to represent things distinctly to the readers.
‘The Flea’ written by John Donne comprises good examples of analogy.
Apart from that ‘Romeo and Juliet’ written by Shakespeare is a remarkable piece of writing, where analogies are used successfully.
“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet.
So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,”

Some Analogies and their Examples

Metaphor: It represents a comparison between two subjects without using the connecting words such as ‘as’ or ‘like’. It is a strong form of analogy that contains a hidden or implicit comparison.

              Example: My sister is boiling mad. (It means she is too angry.)

Allegory:  Allegory is a story where events, images as well as characters act like symbols and these symbols can be elucidated to convey a deeper significance. However, Allegory is used to present a historical situation or moral truth.

              Example: Animal Farm written by George Orwell is a famous political allegory.

Simile: It is a type of comparison, where connecting words such as ‘as or ‘like’ are used.

               Example: She is as busy as a bee.
Now the method gets as clear as crystal.

Parable: It is a simple story that conveys an instructive lesson.

Exemplification: Exemplification shows a relation between a sample and that it refers to.

Tips on How to Write a Personal Essay

A personal essay is a kind of nonfiction work and it is likely an autobiographical writing that comprises a conversational outlook. This type of writing is also known as a personal statement. It is a creative writing and there is no such specific pattern. However, it is a common assignment in colleges and it showcases the writers’ proficiency level in the field of communication, critical thinking and maturity.
However, a personal essay is all about a personal experience and it is written by using first person and to accelerate its impact on the readers, an emotional touch should be available, along with a good number of references. Besides, including vivid details is good to make each personal essay interesting. Moreover, it can be a part of the college assignments or writing courses. Some tips need to be kept in mind to make your personal essay successful.

Some tips about writing a Personal Essay:

•    Find a subject what, exactly, you want to portray to the readers. Include what makes you happy and what makes you mad. Past events can be included, along with the turning point of your life.
•    First gauge yourself and then write a personal essay as writing this kind of essay is to pull out something of yourself and share some important part with others. It is a light hearted piece of writing and it should be a well-appreciated gift for the readers.
•    The ideas or points should be narrated specifically. Writers can add personal observation, views as well experiences.
•    Make the important points highlighted as well as intriguing.
•    Arrange the ideas or points in a chronological order
•    Include the dialogue effectively
•    Self-editing is essential and before giving it for publishing, the writer must check the essay thoroughly.
•    Personal essay writing demands collaborative skills, and critical thinking and it is not a revelation, but it is an exploration that needs sharp editing and other skills.

Tips for Using Onomatopoeia in Poetry

Onomatopoeia is known as a word that represents the sound of a thing or an animal. In brief, it exhibits a sound effect related to the thing described in the sentence. However, the use of Onomatopoeia makes the entire sentence more catchy and expressive. It is interesting to read the sentences that include Onomatopoeia. For instance, ‘The gushing stream flows in the forest’ showcases the sound of the flowing stream and it is more natural to hear. Through this sentence, the readers can feel the rhythm of a flowing stream and can also imagine the scene.

Examples of Onomatopoeia:

bing, buzz, bong, bang, quack, meow, ring-ring, boom, etc.

The objective of using these words in the poetry is to make the writing more natural, intriguing as well as memorable. These words are descriptive and each of them keeps the readers engaged with the piece of writing and most importantly, it gives a better reading experience.

Some tips regarding of using Onomatopoeia in Poetry:

•    It is a great poetry device as it makes the entire theme live, natural as well as absorbing. When the writers want to represent something real or descriptive, then, they can use this kind of words.
•    It adds depth in the sentences and readers should read the sentences aloud to experience the feeling. When a depth is needed in the poetry, the writers must use this device.
•    Onomatopoeia includes a great impact in the sentences and hence, the writers must add this device to make a scratch in the mind of the readers.
•    The use of Onomatopoeia makes the poetry more appealing and engaging and hence, writers prefer to use this device to attract a good number of readers.
•    When the writers want to include some noise in writing, then applying Onomatopoeia is a great choice. There is no specific format of using this device, it goes with the flow of sound. Sometimes, it adds rhythm, but it is not compulsory.

Tips for Writing an Essay

Writing an essay is a good way to accelerate one’s writing skill, along with other skills. However, it is a common task in schools as it is a constructive method to nurture one’s qualities and skills and accelerate these aspects in a required manner. In addition to this, an essay reveals one’s writing as well as the understanding capability on different topics and also showcases the person’s vocabulary skill. Hence, practicing essay writing is favorable for the students in all manners. However, some tips that can make your writing experience better are discussed here.

•    Reading is the most essential skill that updates your expertise as well as allows you to choose a suitable subject for your essay. The significance of reading skill is immeasurable as it instills information and enables us to use these information appropriately. Hence, reading different topics and learning various concepts is the must do task for all students.

•    The second most essential requirement is understanding the topics. Reading is not enough until you understand the things clearly and for that, one must have a good understanding skill. To enhance this skill, one must read different books and learn the ways how each thing is described and try to write the same thing in your own words.

•    Only reading and writing skills are needed to compose an essay is not right, rather one must have the knowledge to arrange the points in a sequential manner. In brief, the information should be arranged in a right order to grab the reader’s attention. A well- written document, but haphazardly arranged cannot convince others.

•    Additionally, the information should be written in a clear and cogent manner so that the readers get urge to go through the entire content at a time. Here, the selection of words matters a lot. Hence, students must use suitable and catchy words to make the entire write up absorbing as well as agreeable.

•    Include the examples to clear your ideas to the readers. Explanation is good, but it is more appreciated, along with the examples. Make sure, your examples should be pertinent to the topic.

•    Do not write too much as a long write up, sometimes, can decline the charm of reading. Make an interesting outline and arrange each point in a separate paragraph and most importantly, maintain a smart and persuasive outlook.

Different Types of Business Letters

Business letter is a kind of formal letter which is formed to communicate with others in a professional manner. It has a specific outline as it commences with a salutation and ends with the sender’s signature. However, a business letter is sent through post, courier or online and nowadays, the third mode of communication is much used as it makes the entire process fast and effective. Most importantly, different types of business letter are there and each of them is used for different purposes. The common thing is its 12-point font that is used for all standard business letters. Moreover, the content of each business letter should be concise, cogent and comprehensive.

Sales Letter: Sales letter generally starts with an intriguing statement that can grab the readers’ attention. It allows the readers to make a call to action. Additionally, this letter usually includes the details so that the readers get a thorough understanding. It highlights the benefits of the readers and also add the relevant phone number and website link.

Order Letter: This type of letter is sent by the consumers to the manufacturers or the wholesalers and give orders for the products. However, this kind of letter contains the details of the product, including the amount of the product, model number, expected price and others. The mode of payment is an important part of this letter.

Complaint Letter: A professional tone is highly required while developing a complaint letter. However, the fact should be clearly mentioned so that the company can understand the matter. Moreover, a direct approach is essential.

Follow-Up Letter: Once the first communication is over, then the follow-up letters are usually sent to come to an end. This type of letter is usually sent to a customer from the sales departments to get feedback or review. In addition to this, a business person also sends this kind of letter by asking the consequence of the previous meeting. Sometimes, the job seekers write the follow-up letters to know the outcome of the interview.

Inquiry Letter: This type of letter has a concise structure and the information that needs to be inquired, should mention in a clear manner. The objective of composing this letter is to draw out the information from the recipient. The sender’s contact information must be added in the letter so that the reader can respond easily.

Thank You Letter: Thank you letter is generally exchanged between two institutions or companies to show gratitude to each other. This kind of letter plays an important role as it shows sincerity. In this letter, the provided assistance needs to be mentioned clearly.

Adjustment Letter: This kind of letter is composed to respond to a complaint or a claim. It is usually written to the customers and in that case, if it is in their favor, then the letter begins with that news, otherwise, it shows an acknowledgement.

Cover Letter: Cover letters are sent with a product or a report. This type of letter includes the description of the work or product enclosed. In short, it represents a brief about a work or an object. It is succinct and comprehensive in structure. However, a cover letter is usually seen along with the report.

Acknowledgement Letter: This type of letter is sent to inform that the previous communication has been received. In brief, it is quite similar to simple receipt.

Letter of Recommendation: Sometimes, the letter of recommendation is asked by the employers before hiring that person. These letters are written by the professors or the previous employers and it exhibits the qualification, skills as well as the past achievements of the job-seeker.

Resignation Letter: Employee composes the letter of resignation when he decides to leave the company. It has a formal and brief structure, but it generally includes the last day of employment.

Steps in Writing a Research Paper

A research paper includes the writer’s opinion on a topic. It is a review or the personal perceptions and not a summary developed by including the others’ thoughts. However, a research paper is a well-illustrated essay that showcases the writer’s interpretation or arguments. A research paper is writing about a subject or a topic by following a detailed research work so that the writer can present the best possible information about the chosen subject.

10 Steps in Writing Research Paper

• Subject – Selecting a subject is the first and foremost step and be careful while choosing a subject. Before choosing the subject make sure you will get a good amount of information about that. If the writer selects a subject that is quite familiar with him, then it is easy to elaborate the topic with adequate information. It is better to avoid some topics, which are sensational or controversial.

• Narrow the Subject – After selecting the topic, the writer must jot down the main points about the subject by keeping in mind some questions, including why this topic is important and what are the major impacts of the topic. Moreover, narrowing the subject is imperative to structure a successful research paper.

• Thesis Statement – The third most important aspect is to write a thesis statement that can express your views in a brief manner. However, your thesis statement should be realistic and strong as it controls the entire idea.

• Form a Bibliography – A bibliography is essential to get the sources of information at a glance.

• Make an Outline – Form an outline and it should be maintained in your work. The outline is important as it provides an order to your work. At this stage, a writer can arrange his points that he is going to be elucidated.

• Arrange the notes – Accumulate all your materials and the supporting documents that you should mention in your writing. Make a right arrangement before you start drafting.

• Make a final outline – Final outline is nothing but the structure that you will follow in the final draft. The final outline reflects the organizational aspect of your paper.

• Develop a Rough Draft – Rough draft is the first draft that can be amended before submitting to the concerned person. However, a rough draft consists of three important parts-the introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion.

• Editing – Editing is the stage, where all points along with the sub-points are evaluated in a thorough manner. Re-reading is essential to assess your draft in a detailed manner.

Sending the Final Draft– The final draft should be typed, along with the bibliography and citation. Footnotes are usually added at the bottom of each page, or else, at the end, before the bibliography. Proofread the entire paper before submission.