What are Modifiers? How to use Modifiers in a Sentence

Modifiers are the words or phrases and these elements add the additional information about the subject. However, clauses are also modifiers and this group of words imparts detailed information and hence, these elements are mostly describing words- adverbs and adjectives. Keep in mind that a modifier can play the role of an adjective or adverb.

Modifier Examples:

When modifiers are used as adjectives:

I have a small balcony.
Here, small is an adjective and it modifies the noun balcony. Additionally, ‘a’ is an article and it acts as a modifier.

When modifiers are used as adverbs:

Rana accidently met with his step mom.
She looked incredibly beautiful on her wedding.
Here, ‘accidently’ is an adverb and it modifies the verb ‘met’.
In the second sentence, ‘incredibly’ modifies the adjective ‘beautiful’.

Some More Examples:

I have a bag smaller than a mobile.
It is an adjective phrase and it modifies the noun, ‘bag’.
I have a bag which is smaller than my mobile.
Here, the adjective clause modifies the noun, ‘bag’.

When alone, I usually read books.
Here, ‘when alone’ is an adverbial phrase and it modifies the verb, ‘read’.
When we left her alone, she was cooking foods to pass the time.
Here, ‘When we left her alone’ is an adverbial clause and it acts as a modifier.
However, misplaced modifiers misguide the readers. A misplaced modifier is a phrase, word, or clause, which is separated from the word, delineated in the sentence.  Sentences with misplaced modifiers sound confusing as well as awkward.

Misplaced single words:  almost, exactly, even, just, hardly, nearly .

Examples:

The toy maker almost sold his all toys in the fair. (Incorrect)
The toy maker sold almost all of his toys in the fair. (Correct.)
She served burgers to the kids on paper plates. (Incorrect)
She served burgers on paper plates to the kids. (Correct)
The man walked towards the bus carrying a black bag. (Incorrect)
The man carrying a black bag walked toward the bus. (Correct)

English Phrases for Daily Use

A phrase is just a group of words that includes a meaning to the sentences, but it is not at all a sentence as it does not have either a subject, verb or a complete idea. In English grammar, five different types of phrases are available. These phrases are Noun, Prepositional, Adjective, Adverb, Verb and others.

Examples:

Noun Phrase – all my dear friends.
Prepositional Phrase – after a long walk.
Adjective Phrase – happy with the work.
Adverb Phrase – time goes very quickly.
Verb Phrase – He should wait before going to watch movie.

Some Common Phrases:

I have heard so much about you – It is generally used during the introduction if you have much information about the person, whom you are introduced.
It’s good to have you here – To feel someone comfortable as well as welcomed in an event or a party. It is the right phrase.
I would like to meet someone – To introduce a new person to more people.
I almost didn’t recognize you- After a long time, if you see someone, then this small talk phrase is the right to use.
It is good to see you again- After a long time, if you see a friend or an acquaintance, then it is the right phrase to show your happiness.

Additionally, we use many phrases while talking to another person.

Examples:

  • It’s a fact that…
  • Everybody knows that..
  • It’s no secret that..
  • It has been proven that…
  • Keep track of…
  • Fit in with
  • Grab a bite
  • A tight schedule
  • I’ll see to it
  • Keep you updated
  • Work wonders
  • Give me a hand
  • Thanks for the honor
  • Yes, by all means
  • Nothing special

Some Useful English Phrases, along with meanings:

As easy as pie (quite easy)
Bend over backward (try very hard)
Bite off more than one can chew (taking much responsibility)
Change one’s mind (decide to do something different)
Figure something out (to understand a problem)
Give someone a hand (to help)
Keep one’s chin up (keep on trying)
In the black (it is profitable)
In the red (it is unprofitable)

What is an Allegory in Literature? Give Examples

An allegory (AL-eh-goh-ree) is referred as a symbolism device and here, the concept or the abstract is conveyed with the help of corporeal idea or objects being taken as an example. In short, an allegory refers to a story where an underlying story is also available. Actually, it signifies something as a surface story, along with a hidden matter or story. However, allegory is fun to read and many authors prefer to use this literary device while communicating something deeper or complex.
Writers apply allegory to incorporate several layers of meanings to their writing. Allegory makes each story as well as character multidimensional and hence, each of them stands for something larger or more significant in meaning than before. Allegory gives the writers scopes to put their moral as well as political views forward. A close study of an allegorical writing makes us familiar with the thoughts of a writer. In brief, through allegory, a writer represents his wishes as well as views about the world that he has always dreamt about.

Examples of Allegory

Animal Farm’ written by George Orwell is a remarkable example of allegory. The story which is stated about the group of a farm animals, but the hidden story is totally different as it is all about the Russian Revolution.

“All animals are equal but a few are more equal than others.”

•    Aesop’s Fables – The Tortoise and the Hare, The Ant and the Grasshopper are allegories.
•    ‘Yertle the Turtle’ written by the American author Dr. Seuss, the expert allegorist. His another praiseworthy piece of writing is ‘The Sneetches and Other Stories’.
•    ‘The Chronicles of Narnia’ written by C. S. Lewis is another prominent example of allegory.
•    ‘Faerie Queen’, an incomplete epic poem is a masterpiece of Edmund Spenser. However, it is a religious allegory.
•    Another spiritual allegory is “Pilgrim’s Progress” written by John Bunyan.

•    The Hunger Games is an allegory.

•    ‘The Masque of the Red Death’ written by Edgar Allan Poe is a short story and it is an allegory.

•    Young Goodman Brown written by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a short story and it is an allegory.

Parts of a Word in English

The parts of the words are common roots, prefix and suffix. It is essential to distinguish these three parts to use each word appropriately. However, primarily, words are formed with the units of meaning and these units are known as morphemes. These morphemes cannot be broken down into smaller parts. For example, run, tree are the morphemes. In short, morpheme refers the meaning, without being a word. Keep in mind that morphemes are not English words.

Common roots: Roots are the basic of words and these carry fundamental meanings.
Example: sadness

  • Here, the root word is sad.
  • Telephone is the combination of morphemes.
  • Tele + phone
  • Bio (root) +life (meaning) = Biology
  • Cred (root) + believe (meaning) = Credible
  • Dict (root)+say (meaning) = Dictionary
  • Fact root) + make(meaning) =Manufacture
  • Geo (root) + earth(meaning) = Geography
  • Leg (root) + law = Legal, legitimate
  • Mini (root) + small = Miniature
  • Mort (root) + death =Mortal
  • Path (root) + feeling =Sympathy
  • Photo (root) + light =Photon

Prefixes and suffixes are the affixes, one kind of morpheme. These elements are added to the base form of a word to and modify its meaning.

Prefix: It is a kind of element that adds at the beginning of the word and modify it.
Example:

  • Renew, Return
  • Here, ‘re’ is a suffix.
  • Anti (prefix) + against (meaning) = Antibiotic
  • Contra (prefix) + against (meaning) = Contradict
  • Intro (prefix) + inward (meaning) = Introduction

Suffix: It is an element that adds at the end of the word. However, there are two types of Suffix- derivational and inflectional. Derivational suffix modifies the underlying meaning of the word and on the other hand, Inflectional suffix changes the number of a noun and the tense of a verb. In short, this type of suffix is used for some grammatical purpose.

Examples:

  • Er + noun = Teacher
  • ee + noun = Employee
  • ess + noun = Waitress
  • Ism + noun = Communism

    Some derivational suffixes are -er,  -ful, -al,-ize and others.
    Here, if ‘er’ is added to a verb, then it creates a person.

  • Example: teacher, informer, killer, etc.
    ‘al’ and ‘ful’ change the noun into adjective and ‘ize’ changes a noun into a verb.
  • Example: accident- accidental
    Visual – visualize
    Derivational suffixes are added to a root.
  • Example: reconstruction (Here, ‘struct’ is the root.)
    Inflectional suffixes are ed, -ly, -‘s, -s, -er, -ed, -es, -ing and others. Moreover, Inflectional suffixes are added with the stem.
  • Example: reconstructing (Here, stem is reconstruct.)

Dramatic Monologue and Its Features

Monologue refers to a speech or a verbal presentation that a character gives to exhibit his ideas as well as thoughts in a loud manner. Through monologue, the character shares his thoughts with the audience, or sometimes, with another character. Moreover, it is a kind of literary device and it is quite common in the plays, films and sometimes, in poetry, a non-dramatic medium.
The word ‘Monologue’ comes from a Greek word-monos that means alone and logos refers to speech. However, there are two types of monologue- interior and dramatic monologue. In interior monologue, the character usually conveys his thoughts so that the audience can also get the experience. Moreover, it is remarkably noticeable in the plays, novels and films. This kind of monologue is also signified as the stream of consciousness.
On the other hand, dramatic monologue is a kind of monologue, where a character addresses to the silent listener. It comprises the theatrical qualities and it is also seen in the poetry.

Features of the Dramatic Monologue

•    The most noticeable feature of a dramatic monologue is the use of ‘I’. Here, ‘I’ stands as a persona.
•    The use of expressions as well as verbs that refer to the listener, who is not directly appeared in the piece of literature.
•    The tone of a dramatic monologue is casual and the application of colloquial language is common in this kind of writing.
•    The typical language of drama is the essence of a dramatic monologue, where ‘you see’, ‘well’ are commonly used.
•    The discovery of a personality is a prominent part of the dramatic monologue during a critical point of life.
•    In the dramatic monologue, going beyond the limitation of one’s self or experience is natural. An interest in the human psychology is usually observed in the dramatic monologues and hence, this literary device is well-linked with the historical characters. Moreover, it acts as an instrument of a poet to scrutinize the heart of the human being.

Use of Homophones in Sentences

Homophones are the words that possess the same pronunciation, but different meaning as well as spelling. Generally, they come in a group, or sometimes, these words can be three or four. It is essential to learn the most common homophones to use these words appropriately in writing. Keep in mind a wrong word can change the entire meaning of a sentence. An example can make it clear.

  • Buy- to purchase something
  • Bye- goodbye
  • Scent- perfume
  • Cent- copper penny
  • Aisle- the walkway
  • isle- island
  • Accept- receive
  • Except- exclude
  • Weather- atmosphere
  • Whether- It is a conjunction and it is used while including choices in the sentences
  • Made- created, built
  • Maid- servant

Examples of some Homophones used in the sentences:

  • New (recent, brand-new) –I have bought a new red color top yesterday.
    Knew (past form of the verb ‘know’) – I knew that Jim’s birthday is in this month.
  • Pear (a kind of fruit) – I love to have pear as it is juicy.
    Pair (two of something, couple) – I have a nice pair of red shoes.
  • Sea (large body of water) -It is always refreshing to spend some days near the blue sea.
    See (visualize, look at) – I must see both the sides of any change in education.
  • Be (happen)-My brother wants to be a mythological writer.
    Bee (honey bee, stinging insect) – Pooh eats honey and hence, bees are always around him.
  • Hair (haircut, fur) – She has nice and silky long hair.
    Hare (one kind of animal) – Hare is a fast-running animal with long ears.
  • Right (fair, good) – According to her mother, she is always right.
    Write (draft, create) – She has to write 3 articles per day.

Find the differences between there/ their/ they’re

  • There- Please keep the books there.
  • Their- Their family is quite liberal.
  • They’re (they are) – After school, they are going to see the football match today.

Difference between Homonyms and Homophones

Homonyms are the words that have the same spelling and same pronunciation, but different meanings. These words are also known as multiple meaning words. An example can make it clearer.

Example:

Bear (an animal) – Bears are one kind of mammals and they have different classifications.
Bear (tolerate)- Bear can bear the cold temperatures.
Left (opposite of right)- Go straight and then turn left to reach the park.
Left (departed from) – The red car took left and then left the highway.
Suit (fit) – Wear something that suits you.
Suit (costume)- Wear a new suit for the reunion party.

On the other hand, Homophones are the words that sound alike but they have different spellings as well as different meanings. However, Homophones are a kind of Homonyms. Moreover, both of these are linguistic terms. Students must understand these two to use words appropriately.

Example:

See- look, visualize
Sea- lake, ocean
Steel-metal made from iron
Steal-to take something from someone
Pray-urge
Prey- target of attack

Here, the pronunciation is same, but the spelling and meanings are different.

homonyms-and-homophones