Types of Figurative Language and Explain with Examples

Figurative language is a kind of language in which a writer compares something with another thing. In simple words, figurative language refers to the words or expressions that do not have literal meaning. The words or expressions have meaning, but different from their literal meaning. The main objective of using figurative language is to make comparisons, alterations or exaggerations so as to point out particular a phrase or a sentence.


The writers often use figurative language in order to make their work more interesting and dramatic for the readers. This type of language is specifically used in poetry and also used in non-fiction writing. Figurative language is categorized into various forms such as simile, metaphors, personification, alliteration, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms and cliché. Let us discuss various types of figurative language in detail.

Watch this video: Types of Figurative Language

1.    Simile: Simile is a figure of speech and it is used to compare two different things by using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’.

For example : The man is as cunning as a fox.

2.    Metaphor: Metaphor is also a figure of speech, which is used to make a comparison between two things that are not related to each other, but share few common characteristics.

For example : She is the apple of her fathers’ eye.

3.    Personification: Personification is a literary device in which human qualities are given to an abstract idea, object or an animal.

For example : The moon was resting in the midnight sky.

4.    Alliteration: It refers to the repetition of similar initial letters, sound or a group of sound in a sentence.

For example: Betty Botter bought some butter.

5.    Hyperbole: Hyperbole is a figure of speech that is mainly used for deliberate exaggeration in order to make a point.

For example: She as skinny as a toothpick.

6.    Onomatopoeia: It is used to indicate a thing or an action by imitating or describing the sound related with it.

For example: Water plops into the pond splish-splash.

7.    Idioms: An idiom is an expression that indicates a particular person or group of people.

For example: ‘Spill the beans’

8.    Cliché: A cliché is an expression or idea that is overused and has lost its originality.

For example: All is well that ends well.

Importance of Vocabulary in reading Comprehension

In the reading comprehension, the significance of vocabulary is immeasurable. It is the most essential part of reading.  A good vocabulary skill allows students to recognize different types of words. They can use new words while writing or speaking. Hence, it is important for students to expand their vocabulary skills. The more words students know, the better they are able to comprehend the written materials. Apart from this, they can also express their thoughts and ideas by using more stronger and descriptive words. In order to develop vocabulary skills, students should use the dictionary and thesaurus more often. Dictionary and thesaurus encompass a list of synonyms and antonyms of words, which help students to identify the meaning of a particular word along with its antonym. Let us understand the role of vocabulary in reading comprehension in detail.

1.    The students who have better vocabulary skills or know more words are able to read and comprehend the passages more quickly.
2.    They easily understand the complex words along with their meaning and usage.
3.    The sound knowledge of vocabulary helps students to create correct sentence structure.
4.    It also helps them to explain their answers more precisely.
5.    Students with strong vocabulary skills become proficient readers. Apart from this, they speak and write better English.

The vocabulary skills not only strengthen the word knowledge of students, but also give them a good sense of how the words are used in the sentence. In addition to this, learn to communicate language more accurately.

Tips to Improve English Writing Skills

Writing is an art of expressing ideas or thoughts into words. It is an essential skill that students should learn. A good writing skill is always in demand as it helps in communicating the message clearly. Writing is not just confined to conveying a message, but also it is a method of preserving memories. Most people pen down their thoughts, special moments or fond memories in their secret diaries. Apart from maintaining dairy, one should also write to capture the thoughts and ideas that pop up in their mind for a second. In simple words, writing is a good exercise to express your opinion, refine your ideas and preserve your special moments.

Writing in the English language is little difficult for many people. However, it is considered as a mandatory skill in most fields. In the college admission test or screening process, students are being asked to write an essay. Besides, many companies demand for cover letter at the time of the interview so as to check the writing skills of an applicant. Whether you are a student or an employee, you are required to develop English writing skills. Here, some important tips are discussed that you can follow and improve your writing skills.


1.    Strengthen your Vocabulary: It is good to have knowledge about new words. If you want to express something clearly, you need to use appropriate words in a right manner. Search for new words and example sentences in order to get an idea about the correct structure of a sentence. In this way, you can enhance your vocabulary skills as well as English writing skills.
2.    Work on your Grammar: Grammar is the most essential part of any language. To maintain quality and consistency in your writing, you need to improve your grammar skills. With a sound knowledge of grammar, you can use the correct tenses while writing.
3.    Write something daily in English: Choose a topic and write whatever comes to your mind. By writing something daily, you can brush up your writing skills. Write about everyday experience in your diary or in a notebook. Besides this, you can also write or discuss your opinion about an issue on the forum available on the internet.
4.    Take help from online English Resources: To check your writing skills, you can take help from various websites that have automated proofreaders. These websites instantly identify your grammatical errors and help you write correctly.
5.    Read books, Newspapers and Novels: Read different books, novels, magazines or newspaper regularly. This will help you in understanding different writing styles.

English Grammar Help

English grammar plays a major role in structuring the sentences correctly. One can easily get a good command over English language by learning English grammar rules.

Are you not able to communicate your thoughts clearly or express your ideas into words? You can improve it by mastering the important rules of grammar. To develop English language skills, you need to learn some basic rules of language. English grammar plays a major role in structuring the sentences correctly. One can easily get a good command over English language by learning English grammar rules. Grammar is the essence of any language. It maintains a correct flow in the sentence and makes the language meaningful for the listeners and readers.

It is important for all of us to understand the English grammar rules as it lays a solid foundation for effective communication. Be it a written or spoken form, an improper grammar changes the meaning of the entire sentence. Many of us often make mistakes while speaking or writing in English language which is called as a grammatical error. Grammatical errors can be various types such as a punctuation mark, subject-verb agreement, spelling error, improper sentence structure, etc. Hence, it is imperative to avoid grammatical errors so as to speak and write sentences flawlessly.

You can strengthen your grammar skills by reading books, listening to language videos or enrolling to websites that provide English grammar help. Earlier, people used to learn grammar rules through grammar books, but now in this digital era, tons of websites are there which improve your language skills efficiently. Many websites have grammar lessons along with quizzes, exercises or puzzles that test your language proficiency and accordingly score your performance. In addition to this, some websites have automated proofreaders that check grammar errors and spelling efficiently.

If you want to convey your thought coherently and clearly, you must enroll to a good website that will brush up your communication and written skills. By taking some fun quizzes or reading essential grammar rules and lessons, you can surely enhance your English language skills. You can also check some video tutorials and blog posts to update your grammar knowledge. By mastering grammar skills, you can put your ideas into words and can convey your message effectively.