A sentence always expresses a complete thought and it comprises a subject and an object, but when these three most important elements are not available, then it is referred as a sentence fragment.
Sentence Fragment at a Glance:
• Sentence fragment does not give a complete thought.
Example: Meena is (Here, it imparts an incomplete idea or thought. through this sentence, the readers cannot understand a clear meaning.)
• Sometimes, the subject is not available.
Example: Eating chilly chicken and fried rice. (Here, the subject is missing and hence, it is a sentence fragment.)
• Sometimes, the action is not available.
Example: A story book without some pages. (Here, the thought is not clear as we do not know who is doing with the book and exactly, what is going to happen.)
• A dependent clause is an example of sentence fragment.
Example: And I went to my hometown. (Here, it is a dependent clause and it cannot stand alone.)
There are some rules to correct the sentence fragments by adding the subject, or verb, or by adding an independent clause and most importantly, by including a complete thought. The given examples can make it clearer.
• ‘Meena is’ – shows an incomplete thought.
Meena is a homemaker. – It shows a complete thought.
• ‘Eating chilly chicken and fried rice’- Andy is eating chilly chicken and fried rice at dinner time. Here, a subject is added and hence, the sentence gets a complete structure.
A story book without some pages.
• I have got a gift of a story book without some pages. Here, the action is added and as a result, it becomes a complete sentence.
And I went to my hometown.
• I met with my old friends and I went to my hometown. Here, the dependent clause is joined with an independent clause and get a complete look.
More examples of Sentence Fragments:
Since I like reading – Here, it does not give a complete thought and it is a sentence fragment.
If ‘since’ is removed then, ‘I like reading’ is a complete sentence as it exhibits a complete thought.
That is why I screamed.
It is a sentence fragment as it is started with a subordinating conjunction. ‘I screamed ‘ is a sentence as it comprises a subject and an action.
In brief, the use of subordinating conjunctions (as if, as long as, even if, in that, just as, once, so that), relative pronouns (which, whoever, whose) and relative adverbs (where, when) at the starting make sentence fragments.
Some Fragment Phrases:
From morning to night (Fragment) – I have been working daily from morning to night. (Complete sentence)
Start after the weekend (Fragment) – My classes will start after the weekend. (Complete structure as it consists of subject, verb and object)
Some boys in the group (Fragment) – Some boys in the group participated in the drama competition. (Complete sentence)