What is Parallel Structure in Literary? And it’s Functions

Parallel structure is something, where the same pattern of words of phrases is repeated in a sentence or a passage to exhibit an equal importance. Parallel structure is quite visible in the texts as the writers prefer to use this literary device to organize his ideas or points and most importantly, to make the entire text more comprehensive. However, the use of this literary device allows the writer to include a rhythm in his writing that grabs the reader’s attention. In brief, parallel structure the write up can be more approachable and cogent.

Examples :

“Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears;
I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.”
Here, William Shakespeare has noticeably used the parallel structure in these two lines taken from ‘The Tragedy of Julius Caesar’, a famous tragedy for all the time. In the first line, three different groups of society are equally referred and in the second line, two different phrases are placed in a parallel manner.
Francis Bacon included the parallel structure in his classic essay, “Of Studies,”
“Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.”
Here, repetition is added to include an emphasis in the writing.
‘Great Expectations’ is a nice novel written by Charles Dickens and here, parallel structure is remarkably used. Another prominent example of parallel structure is ‘We Real Cool’ written by Gwendolyn Brooks.
“We real cool. We
Left school. We
Lurk late. We
Strike straight. We”

More Examples:

I love to do swimming, biking, hiking and many other activities.
The teacher advices to the students that they should get up early, and they should sleep early, and they should complete their homework on time.
The dog ran across the garden, jumped over the door, and finally, reached to the main road.
Easy come, easy go.

Parallel Structure at a Glance:

•    This structure is a stylistic device and it shows an equal significance in different things
•    It comprises two or more words, phrases, or clauses, along with the similar grammatical form.
•    A rhythm is visible in the lines.
•    This literary device is valuable to represent the ideas, concepts or facts clearly to the readers.
•    It captures the reader’s mind and makes their understanding clearer.
•    It is more visible in the prose, poetry, plays and speeches.
•    It adds fluency in writing and hence, readers can easily understand the text as well as the meaning intended to convey.
•    It emphasizes the words as well as the thoughts and a balanced written structure is presented.

Rules of Sentence Fragments Give Examples

A sentence always expresses a complete thought and it comprises a subject and an object, but when these three most important elements are not available, then it is referred as a sentence fragment.

Sentence Fragment at a Glance:

•    Sentence fragment does not give a complete thought.
Example: Meena is (Here, it imparts an incomplete idea or thought. through this sentence, the readers cannot understand a clear meaning.)

•    Sometimes, the subject is not available.
Example: Eating chilly chicken and fried rice. (Here, the subject is missing and hence, it is a sentence fragment.)

•    Sometimes, the action is not available.
Example: A story book without some pages. (Here, the thought is not clear as we do not know who is doing with the book and exactly, what is going to happen.)

•    A dependent clause is an example of sentence fragment.
Example: And I went to my hometown. (Here, it is a dependent clause and it cannot stand alone.)

There are some rules to correct the sentence fragments by adding the subject, or verb, or by adding an independent clause and most importantly, by including a complete thought. The given examples can make it clearer.

•    ‘Meena is’ – shows an incomplete thought.
Meena is a homemaker. – It shows a complete thought.

•    ‘Eating chilly chicken and fried rice’- Andy is eating chilly chicken and fried rice at dinner time. Here, a subject is added and hence, the sentence gets a complete structure.

A story book without some pages.

•    I have got a gift of a story book without some pages. Here, the action is added and as a result, it becomes a complete sentence.

And I went to my hometown.
•    I met with my old friends and I went to my hometown. Here, the dependent clause is joined with an independent clause and get a complete look.

More examples of Sentence Fragments:

Since I like reading – Here, it does not give a complete thought and it is a sentence fragment.
If ‘since’ is removed then, ‘I like reading’ is a complete sentence as it exhibits a complete thought.
That is why I screamed.
It is a sentence fragment as it is started with a subordinating conjunction. ‘I screamed ‘ is a sentence as it comprises a subject and an action.
In brief, the use of subordinating conjunctions (as if, as long as, even if, in that, just as, once, so that), relative pronouns (which, whoever, whose) and relative adverbs (where, when) at the starting make sentence fragments.

Some Fragment Phrases:

From morning to night (Fragment) – I have been working daily from morning to night. (Complete sentence)
Start after the weekend (Fragment) – My classes will start after the weekend. (Complete structure as it consists of subject, verb and object)
Some boys in the group (Fragment) – Some boys in the group participated in the drama competition. (Complete sentence)