An allegory (AL-eh-goh-ree) is referred as a symbolism device and here, the concept or the abstract is conveyed with the help of corporeal idea or objects being taken as an example. In short, an allegory refers to a story where an underlying story is also available. Actually, it signifies something as a surface story, along with a hidden matter or story. However, allegory is fun to read and many authors prefer to use this literary device while communicating something deeper or complex.
Writers apply allegory to incorporate several layers of meanings to their writing. Allegory makes each story as well as character multidimensional and hence, each of them stands for something larger or more significant in meaning than before. Allegory gives the writers scopes to put their moral as well as political views forward. A close study of an allegorical writing makes us familiar with the thoughts of a writer. In brief, through allegory, a writer represents his wishes as well as views about the world that he has always dreamt about.
Examples of Allegory
Animal Farm’ written by George Orwell is a remarkable example of allegory. The story which is stated about the group of a farm animals, but the hidden story is totally different as it is all about the Russian Revolution.
“All animals are equal but a few are more equal than others.”
• Aesop’s Fables – The Tortoise and the Hare, The Ant and the Grasshopper are allegories.
• ‘Yertle the Turtle’ written by the American author Dr. Seuss, the expert allegorist. His another praiseworthy piece of writing is ‘The Sneetches and Other Stories’.
• ‘The Chronicles of Narnia’ written by C. S. Lewis is another prominent example of allegory.
• ‘Faerie Queen’, an incomplete epic poem is a masterpiece of Edmund Spenser. However, it is a religious allegory.
• Another spiritual allegory is “Pilgrim’s Progress” written by John Bunyan.
• The Hunger Games is an allegory.
• ‘The Masque of the Red Death’ written by Edgar Allan Poe is a short story and it is an allegory.
• Young Goodman Brown written by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a short story and it is an allegory.