Monologue refers to a speech or a verbal presentation that a character gives to exhibit his ideas as well as thoughts in a loud manner. Through monologue, the character shares his thoughts with the audience, or sometimes, with another character. Moreover, it is a kind of literary device and it is quite common in the plays, films and sometimes, in poetry, a non-dramatic medium.
The word ‘Monologue’ comes from a Greek word-monos that means alone and logos refers to speech. However, there are two types of monologue- interior and dramatic monologue. In interior monologue, the character usually conveys his thoughts so that the audience can also get the experience. Moreover, it is remarkably noticeable in the plays, novels and films. This kind of monologue is also signified as the stream of consciousness.
On the other hand, dramatic monologue is a kind of monologue, where a character addresses to the silent listener. It comprises the theatrical qualities and it is also seen in the poetry.
Features of the Dramatic Monologue
• The most noticeable feature of a dramatic monologue is the use of ‘I’. Here, ‘I’ stands as a persona.
• The use of expressions as well as verbs that refer to the listener, who is not directly appeared in the piece of literature.
• The tone of a dramatic monologue is casual and the application of colloquial language is common in this kind of writing.
• The typical language of drama is the essence of a dramatic monologue, where ‘you see’, ‘well’ are commonly used.
• The discovery of a personality is a prominent part of the dramatic monologue during a critical point of life.
• In the dramatic monologue, going beyond the limitation of one’s self or experience is natural. An interest in the human psychology is usually observed in the dramatic monologues and hence, this literary device is well-linked with the historical characters. Moreover, it acts as an instrument of a poet to scrutinize the heart of the human being.