Parts of a Word in English

The parts of the words are common roots, prefix and suffix. It is essential to distinguish these three parts to use each word appropriately. However, primarily, words are formed with the units of meaning and these units are known as morphemes. These morphemes cannot be broken down into smaller parts. For example, run, tree are the morphemes. In short, morpheme refers the meaning, without being a word. Keep in mind that morphemes are not English words.

Common roots: Roots are the basic of words and these carry fundamental meanings.
Example: sadness

  • Here, the root word is sad.
  • Telephone is the combination of morphemes.
  • Tele + phone
  • Bio (root) +life (meaning) = Biology
  • Cred (root) + believe (meaning) = Credible
  • Dict (root)+say (meaning) = Dictionary
  • Fact root) + make(meaning) =Manufacture
  • Geo (root) + earth(meaning) = Geography
  • Leg (root) + law = Legal, legitimate
  • Mini (root) + small = Miniature
  • Mort (root) + death =Mortal
  • Path (root) + feeling =Sympathy
  • Photo (root) + light =Photon

Prefixes and suffixes are the affixes, one kind of morpheme. These elements are added to the base form of a word to and modify its meaning.

Prefix: It is a kind of element that adds at the beginning of the word and modify it.

  • Renew, Return
  • Here, ‘re’ is a suffix.
  • Anti (prefix) + against (meaning) = Antibiotic
  • Contra (prefix) + against (meaning) = Contradict
  • Intro (prefix) + inward (meaning) = Introduction

Suffix: It is an element that adds at the end of the word. However, there are two types of Suffix- derivational and inflectional. Derivational suffix modifies the underlying meaning of the word and on the other hand, Inflectional suffix changes the number of a noun and the tense of a verb. In short, this type of suffix is used for some grammatical purpose.


  • Er + noun = Teacher
  • ee + noun = Employee
  • ess + noun = Waitress
  • Ism + noun = Communism

    Some derivational suffixes are -er,  -ful, -al,-ize and others.
    Here, if ‘er’ is added to a verb, then it creates a person.

  • Example: teacher, informer, killer, etc.
    ‘al’ and ‘ful’ change the noun into adjective and ‘ize’ changes a noun into a verb.
  • Example: accident- accidental
    Visual – visualize
    Derivational suffixes are added to a root.
  • Example: reconstruction (Here, ‘struct’ is the root.)
    Inflectional suffixes are ed, -ly, -‘s, -s, -er, -ed, -es, -ing and others. Moreover, Inflectional suffixes are added with the stem.
  • Example: reconstructing (Here, stem is reconstruct.)

Dramatic Monologue and Its Features

Monologue refers to a speech or a verbal presentation that a character gives to exhibit his ideas as well as thoughts in a loud manner. Through monologue, the character shares his thoughts with the audience, or sometimes, with another character. Moreover, it is a kind of literary device and it is quite common in the plays, films and sometimes, in poetry, a non-dramatic medium.
The word ‘Monologue’ comes from a Greek word-monos that means alone and logos refers to speech. However, there are two types of monologue- interior and dramatic monologue. In interior monologue, the character usually conveys his thoughts so that the audience can also get the experience. Moreover, it is remarkably noticeable in the plays, novels and films. This kind of monologue is also signified as the stream of consciousness.
On the other hand, dramatic monologue is a kind of monologue, where a character addresses to the silent listener. It comprises the theatrical qualities and it is also seen in the poetry.

Features of the Dramatic Monologue

•    The most noticeable feature of a dramatic monologue is the use of ‘I’. Here, ‘I’ stands as a persona.
•    The use of expressions as well as verbs that refer to the listener, who is not directly appeared in the piece of literature.
•    The tone of a dramatic monologue is casual and the application of colloquial language is common in this kind of writing.
•    The typical language of drama is the essence of a dramatic monologue, where ‘you see’, ‘well’ are commonly used.
•    The discovery of a personality is a prominent part of the dramatic monologue during a critical point of life.
•    In the dramatic monologue, going beyond the limitation of one’s self or experience is natural. An interest in the human psychology is usually observed in the dramatic monologues and hence, this literary device is well-linked with the historical characters. Moreover, it acts as an instrument of a poet to scrutinize the heart of the human being.