Analogy is a kind of comparison, where a thing or idea is compared with another one and that two things are quite different in nature. The objective of using Analogy is to describe the things by comparing with other things which are more familiar. However, Analogy is extensive as metaphors and similes are used as the parts of it. Some examples can make it more clear.
A sword is the weapon of a warrior, like a pen is the weapon of an author.
She is as annoying as nails on the chalkboard.
A doctor diagnoses the diseases, like the detective investigates criminal cases.
However, Analogy is noticeably used in English literature to represent things distinctly to the readers.
‘The Flea’ written by John Donne comprises good examples of analogy.
Apart from that ‘Romeo and Juliet’ written by Shakespeare is a remarkable piece of writing, where analogies are used successfully.
“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet.
So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,”
Some Analogies and their Examples
Metaphor: It represents a comparison between two subjects without using the connecting words such as ‘as’ or ‘like’. It is a strong form of analogy that contains a hidden or implicit comparison.
Example: My sister is boiling mad. (It means she is too angry.)
Allegory: Allegory is a story where events, images as well as characters act like symbols and these symbols can be elucidated to convey a deeper significance. However, Allegory is used to present a historical situation or moral truth.
Example: Animal Farm written by George Orwell is a famous political allegory.
Simile: It is a type of comparison, where connecting words such as ‘as or ‘like’ are used.
Example: She is as busy as a bee.
Now the method gets as clear as crystal.
Parable: It is a simple story that conveys an instructive lesson.
Exemplification: Exemplification shows a relation between a sample and that it refers to.