What is the Difference between Literally and Figuratively?

Literally and figuratively are two different aspects, but when conveying something to the readers both should be used aptly. Literally signifies exactly, in a broader sense, without any exaggeration, it states about the thing, accurately what happens. On the other hand, figuratively refers to metaphorical sense. It means the thing is delineated metaphorically, not in a practical way. An example can make it clear. If we say, ‘I am literally foaming at the mouth’, then it means the foam is coming out from the mouth, but if we say, ‘I am figuratively foaming at the mouth’, then it signifies that I am very angry as foaming at the mouth is an idiom.

However, ‘literally’ is an adjective and it means actual.  It is used in an exact sense.

Example: I made a literal translation of this book.

Here, it reflects the fact that someone has truly translated the book.
Besides, ‘literally’ word is used to intensify things. When it is said that I am literally on fire that does not mean that someone is seriously on fire. Or else, sometimes, we say that ‘he was laughing so hard that he literally almost died.’ Here, literally is used to stress the thing. Moreover, in the formal writing, this kind of statement is not accepted.
On the other hand, figuratively is an adjective and it comprises different meaning from the word literally. It signifies making use of figure of speech. In short, where literally is just free from any metaphor, figurative is all about the dealing with different types of figures of speech.

Example: I could figuratively eat a factory of ice cream.

Figuratively reflects the analogous sense, which is not exact. However, to make your writing well-appreciated, you must use these two separately. Make sure, use literally in an exact manner, not just as an intensifier and add figuratively to convey a thing which is not exact.

Example: Sand feels rough (Literally)

Sand is solid water. (Figuratively)

What are Analogies and How are They Used?

Analogy is a kind of comparison, where a thing or idea is compared with another one and that two things are quite different in nature. The objective of using Analogy is to describe the things by comparing with other things which are more familiar. However, Analogy is extensive as metaphors and similes are used as the parts of it. Some examples can make it more clear.

Examples:
A sword is the weapon of a warrior, like a pen is the weapon of an author.
She is as annoying as nails on the chalkboard.
A doctor diagnoses the diseases, like the detective investigates criminal cases.

However, Analogy is noticeably used in English literature to represent things distinctly to the readers.
‘The Flea’ written by John Donne comprises good examples of analogy.
Apart from that ‘Romeo and Juliet’ written by Shakespeare is a remarkable piece of writing, where analogies are used successfully.
“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other word would smell as sweet.
So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called,”

Some Analogies and their Examples

Metaphor: It represents a comparison between two subjects without using the connecting words such as ‘as’ or ‘like’. It is a strong form of analogy that contains a hidden or implicit comparison.

              Example: My sister is boiling mad. (It means she is too angry.)

Allegory:  Allegory is a story where events, images as well as characters act like symbols and these symbols can be elucidated to convey a deeper significance. However, Allegory is used to present a historical situation or moral truth.

              Example: Animal Farm written by George Orwell is a famous political allegory.

Simile: It is a type of comparison, where connecting words such as ‘as or ‘like’ are used.

               Example: She is as busy as a bee.
Now the method gets as clear as crystal.

Parable: It is a simple story that conveys an instructive lesson.

Exemplification: Exemplification shows a relation between a sample and that it refers to.