How to Write an Essay Outline?

Essay writing is one of the skills that students should develop from the very beginning of their school life. Through essay writing, students learn to organize their thoughts and ideas properly. It is a basic skill which helps them to attain success in school and college.

Writing an essay in a structural way makes it more appealing and keeps the reader hooked from the start to the end.  For example, to construct a house you need to have a foundation on which the house can be built, in the similar manner to write an essay you need to outline the key points which forms the base for the essay. In other words outlining helps you in organizing the topics in a sequential way and depicts the flow of the story. Below are few of the pointers which will help in defining the outline of an essay.


•    Once you have decided on a topic, scribble on a piece of papers all ideas good or bad that come in your mind for 5-10 minutes. Once done, then revisit those ideas and sort them. This will help you in forming the thesis of the essay as you can easily identify the purpose of writing when you revisit those ideas.

•    While making the thesis of the essay keep in mind the kind of audience who will be reading the essay. This will give you a glimpse of the responses you will encounter.

•    From the list of ideas you had listed earlier sort them to develop a sequence of topics you wanted to describe. Each topic should be elaborated in a separate paragraph and should contain an example, which connects the topic to the thesis.

•    Finally, conclusion paragraph should re- emphasize the thesis statement and should review the important points of the essay. Conclusion paragraph should not introduce any new facts.

Types of Figurative Language and Explain with Examples

Figurative language is a kind of language in which a writer compares something with another thing. In simple words, figurative language refers to the words or expressions that do not have literal meaning. The words or expressions have meaning, but different from their literal meaning. The main objective of using figurative language is to make comparisons, alterations or exaggerations so as to point out particular a phrase or a sentence.


The writers often use figurative language in order to make their work more interesting and dramatic for the readers. This type of language is specifically used in poetry and also used in non-fiction writing. Figurative language is categorized into various forms such as simile, metaphors, personification, alliteration, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, idioms and cliché. Let us discuss various types of figurative language in detail.

Watch this video: Types of Figurative Language

1.    Simile: Simile is a figure of speech and it is used to compare two different things by using the words ‘like’ or ‘as’.

For example : The man is as cunning as a fox.

2.    Metaphor: Metaphor is also a figure of speech, which is used to make a comparison between two things that are not related to each other, but share few common characteristics.

For example : She is the apple of her fathers’ eye.

3.    Personification: Personification is a literary device in which human qualities are given to an abstract idea, object or an animal.

For example : The moon was resting in the midnight sky.

4.    Alliteration: It refers to the repetition of similar initial letters, sound or a group of sound in a sentence.

For example: Betty Botter bought some butter.

5.    Hyperbole: Hyperbole is a figure of speech that is mainly used for deliberate exaggeration in order to make a point.

For example: She as skinny as a toothpick.

6.    Onomatopoeia: It is used to indicate a thing or an action by imitating or describing the sound related with it.

For example: Water plops into the pond splish-splash.

7.    Idioms: An idiom is an expression that indicates a particular person or group of people.

For example: ‘Spill the beans’

8.    Cliché: A cliché is an expression or idea that is overused and has lost its originality.

For example: All is well that ends well.